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Banking Buzz Words

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Table of Content

Fluency in this language is more than just a means of communication; it’s a tool for unlocking opportunities, fostering professional growth, and exuding confidence in an industry where precision is paramount.

Understanding banking terms and definitions is crucial for making informed financial decisions. Whether you’re managing personal finances, applying for a loan, or considering investment opportunities, having a grasp of banking terminology can significantly impact your financial well-being.

New Banking Words

As new technologies continue to emerge, so do new banking terms. Staying current with these innovations is crucial, especially considering the simultaneous emergence of new banking regulations. Adapting to these changes is essential for navigating the rapidly evolving landscape of modern finance, ensuring that individuals and businesses can make informed decisions in an environment shaped by both technological advancement and regulatory updates.



We’ve made an overview of the most common banking terminology you can find at the moment ones:

  1. Green Finance: the banks issue loans to sustainable projects such as solar energy, hydropower, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. FinTech: FinTech, an acronym for financial technology, refers to the creative application of technology in the financial industry. Its impact extends beyond banking to encompass domains such as investment management, insurance, and personal finance applications.
  3. P2P LEnding: Peer-to-peer lending services are revolutionising lending and borrowing beyond traditional banking channels by enabling direct loans between individuals. The way that people access and provide financial resources is evolving due to this decentralised approach.
  4. NeoBanks: Neobanks, sometimes known as “digital banks,” don’t have any traditional physical branches; they only do business online. With user-centric and cutting-edge technology services, their rise is upending the banking industry and posing a threat to established banking structures.
  5. Microfinance: Originally intended to empower marginalised populations, microfinance has expanded to have a wider social impact than just banking. It entails offering financial services, such as savings accounts and small loans, to those living in underprivileged economic zones. To get the loan, the borrower approaches the bank for loan origination, and the bank processes it according to its internal criteria. 
  6. Crowdfunding: Crowdfunding, which has its roots in group funding, has ramifications for online banking. This kind of funding has become relevant in several sectors, encouraging enterprises and community-supported initiatives.
  7. Amortisation: Amortization is a concept frequently seen in loan repayment plans that describes how debt is gradually reduced over time. This idea is not limited to banks; it may be used when a debt is slowly repaid.
  8. Regtech is the abbreviation of regulatory technology. The bank develops an IT-based system to check if there is any irregularity or exception against the regulatory requirements.
  9. Customer journey: every step involved in the customer’s experience, starting with opening an account, filling out forms, and applying for a loan. It might also cover the post-service activities. A customer journey map is a visual representation of all these digital phases.
  10. Request to pay: This is a digital payment request made by the payee to the payer. The request for a specific transaction can be made via a mobile banking app or an online transaction app. As soon as the payer receives the digital request, he can accept or reject the payment request.
  11. Mobile first: With the development of the banking sector, customers can now remotely open bank accounts using mobile apps. They can easily complete routine tasks with the help of this cutting-edge, scalable technology infrastructure.
  12. PSD2 stands for Second Payment Services Directive.PSD2 is a European regulation aiming to make electronic payments safe and protect consumers. Thus, PSD2, according to these regulations, the real costs and charges of transferring money abroad while benefiting all banking and payment parties.
  13. AML: stands for Anti-money Laundering. It is a procedure of laws and guidelines designed to deter and prevent financial crimes.
  14.  Embedded Finance: Integrating financial services into non-financial offerings is known as embedded finance. It could have to do with financing, handling payments, or insurance. A shopping mall`s branded credit card, a local gym app that allows one-click payments, or an online retailer offering insurance are a few instances of embedded finance.
  15. Banking as a Service: Embedded finance is when financial services are incorporated into non-financial offerings.. It could have to do with financing, handling payments, or insurance. A shopping mall`s branded credit card, a local gym app that allows one-click payments, or an online retailer offering insurance are a few instances of embedded finance.
  16.  Buy Now Pay Later (BNPL) This kind of purchase is made, but the payment is made at a later predetermined time. It is a brief financing period that typically carries no interest. These payments can be made in one of two ways: through a third-party BNPL provider or a contract the banks make with the businesses. This third party might be a go-between for the company and the lender.
  17. Crypto Asset: These are assets in the digital realm. They can be electronically transferred or stored. These are entirely digital assets, and ownership is established through public ledgers.
  18.  Fiat Currency  It is actual money that the government issues on a national level. Any commodities do not support it and is lawful. Paper money or coins are an example of fiat currency.
  19. – Robo Advisor:  It creates, tracks, and automatically rebalances a diverse portfolio per your objectives. It is an inexpensive online investing platform that uses algorithms in software. It provides financial guidance on investments, including automated portfolio management.
  20. – Metaverse: The clients can perform a range of tasks remotely thanks to the metaverse’s virtualisation of banking and financial services. The Metaverse improves convenience and eliminates physical branch visits from cash transactions to communication with advisors, employees, and banking services.


Common Banking Terms Glossary

Understanding the banking fundamentals is crucial to financial literacy in finance’s large and occasionally confusing world. The table below focuses on the glossary of crucial banking terms used regularly and clarifies their definitions. Government agencies have legislated standards and processes that control these phrases, so they are not arbitrary. In addition to fostering stability within the financial system, this regulatory framework guarantees banks safe and secure operations.



Let’s discuss some of the common banking terms and definitions now:


Accounts:  Accounts function as central locations for everyday savings and spending transactions. Individuals can easily purchase and monitor their financial habits using credit/debit cards.
Balance: A summary shows how much money is in your account. It gives you a quick overview of your financial situation and clarifies the available resources.
Deposit: Deposit means to put money into your bank account, either by cheque or banking app.
Statement A statement is a detailed report that provides an overview of your financial activities. It contains information regarding deposits, withdrawals, and the general flow of funds via your account.
Withdrawal: A withdrawal is the process of removing money from your account. This allows you to access your money by completing it with a check, an ATM, or a handy banking app.
Transfer:  Funds are moved from one account to another when money is transferred. You can use this flexible action to transfer money to another person or move it within your accounts.
Transaction: Any different financial operations, including deposits, withdrawals, and transfers, are called transactions. Inside your banking ecosystem, it symbolises the ever-changing flow of money.
Electronic Signature:  A legal contract can now be signed using an electronic signature. It offers an effective and safe way to validate contracts in the digital sphere.
Online Banking:  Managing your accounts online is accessible and available from any location using personal devices with online banking. It makes managing your finances more accessible and more flexible.
Loan Origination The process that a borrower goes through to apply for a new loan, during which the lender assesses the borrower’s creditworthiness and suitability. 
Revolving Credit A type of credit that does not have a fixed number of payments, unlike instalment loans. It is characterised by a credit limit that can be spent, repaid, and spent again. Examples of revolving credit include credit cards and lines of credit. This flexibility allows for better control over cash flow but requires disciplined management to avoid high interest-and debt accumulation
Customer Vetting (or Customer Due Diligence) Banks and financial institutions require a critical process to assess and verify a customer’s identity, legitimacy, and risk profile before establishing a business relationship. This process involves collecting personal information, understanding the nature of the customer’s activities, and evaluating the risk of money laundering or terrorist financing.


Banking Terms and Definitions – Navigating Financial Documents

Comprehension of banking terminology is essential for businesses aiming to make well-informed financial decisions and effectively manage their corporate finances. A firm grasp of banking terms and definitions is indispensable when evaluating credit facilities, analysing financial statements, or strategising for long-term growth. This knowledge enables business professionals to navigate complex financial documents, negotiate favourable terms with financial institutions, and strategically utilise banking products and services to optimise cash flow and capital structure. Moreover, it demonstrates expertise and competence in finance, positioning professionals for success in their endeavours within the corporate landscape.



Below, we’ve clarified some key banking terms and their definitions:


  1. Liquidity: The ease with which an asset can be converted from cash to investments or cash is known as liquidity. To ensure they have enough money to meet unforeseen requirements and daily operations, bankers must have a solid understanding of liquidity.
  2. SWIFT Codes: SWIFT codes serve as distinct identifiers for international money transfers. By assisting bankers in making sure that money is transferred to the right bank and branch abroad, they promote safe international transactions.
  3. ACH Transfer: Electronic money transfers between banks are made possible by ACH (Automated Clearing House) transfers. Bankers streamline financial processes using ACH transfers for various tasks, including payroll processing and paying bills.
  4. Fiduciary: Banks frequently serve as fiduciaries, overseeing another person’s assets. Being a financial advisor to clients demands the highest reliability and accountability.
  5. Reserve Requirement: Reserve requirements set a minimum amount of cash that banks must hold in reserve before they can lend or make investments. It’s a tool that central banks employ to manage the money supply and maintain economic stability.
  6. Reconciliation: Financial records are compared during reconciliation to make sure they match. To ensure accurate and honest financial reporting, bankers must go through this process to find and address any transactional irregularities.
  7. Collateral: A borrower pledges collateral, or something of worth, to obtain a loan. The bank may seize the collateral if the borrower cannot repay the loan. Bankers evaluating loan risks need to understand collateral.
  8. Revolving credit: The banks allow you a credit limit, which you can pay back at any time and reutilise the facility within the approved limit.
  9. Customer vetting: Before approving any loan to the customer, the banks conduct a background check and analyse the payback history from the previous lenders or the companies the customer has been dealing with.
  10. Basel III: The worldwide banking laws known as Basel III aim to improve oversight, control, and risk management in the banking industry. Stricter capital rules are introduced, and the significance of leverage ratios and liquidity is emphasised. Bankers must be knowledgeable about Basel III to maintain financial stability and assure compliance.
  11. Derivative: The performance of an underlying asset, index, or rate determines the value of a derivative financial contract. Banks’ three main uses of derivatives are deposits, hedging, and investing. For bankers engaged in intricate financial operations, it is essential to understand derivatives.


Familiarity with banking terminology allows for better comprehension of various financial products and services. It empowers you to confidently navigate options such as savings accounts, certificates of deposit, loans, and credit cards. Moreover, understanding terms like APR, APY, and DTI can aid in making prudent choices when borrowing, saving, or investing money.

On the other hand, small business owners and entrepreneurs benefit from a solid understanding of banking terminology when managing their company’s finances. Familiarity with terms like ACH, HELOC, and LTV can facilitate efficient cash flow management, strategic borrowing, and effective utilisation of business credit lines. This knowledge can ultimately contribute to their enterprises’ financial stability and growth.

In conclusion, a solid command of banking terminology is essential for those seeking employment or already working in finance. Whether pursuing a career in banking, financial analysis, or investment management, a comprehensive understanding of banking terms and definitions is a fundamental requirement. It demonstrates expertise and competence in the field, setting individuals apart in a competitive job market.


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